Brahman F-1 Gain Efficiency and Carcass Quality
Brahman hybrid calves and those out of Brahman F1 cows are noted for their fast gains, and it's a fact that these calves consistently produce more weight per day of age than most other breed contemporaries.

Brahman cross calves are more desirable to feed in many parts of the country during hot, humid months when the feed efficiency of European and British calves and crosses decreases. The ability of these Brahman cross cattle to finish during warm seasons is a definite economic factor in their favor.

While efficiency is an important quality of the Brahman and its crosses, the carcasses are known for their high cutability, which results in a high yielding carcass with limited fat.

In a recent study conducted by Texas A&M, Angus and Hereford cows were bred to Brahman bulls. The resulting steers were handled as calf-feds going directly into the feedlot at weaning.

The steers were fed for 180 days and slaughtered at 13-14 months. The first calf crops produced 89 steers, with no death loss experienced postweaning. Of those fed, 58 percent of the steers graded Choice, with the rest in the window of acceptability.

Brahman hybrid calves and those out of Brahman F1 cows are noted for their fast gains.

Tenderness readings using the Warner-Bratzler Shear-Force Test were taken at 0, 7 and 14 days. With this data, a rating of 10 pounds or less is considered satisfactory for supermarket sales, while a rating of 8.7 pounds or less is desirable for steaks utilized in quality restaurants. Eighty-four of the 89 samples were below the 10 pound level at 14 days with the best rating being 5.7 pounds.

From the pasture to the plate, Brahman and Brahman cross cattle prove they have the genetics for total performance!

The Brahman F1

"Heterosis", or hybrid vigor, is achieved by crossing two different strains, varieties, breeds or species. In the cattle world, maximum hybrid vigor is obtained by crossing totally unrelated animals, achieving the "best of both worlds". Because the American Brahman are of the Bos indices species, they naturally produce an exceptional first cross (F1) with other breeds of European or British origin of the species Bos taurus.

The resulting hybrid offspring is consistently superior in weight per day of age and carcass efficiency, as well as inheriting many economic characteristics of its Brahman parent, such as drought resistance, heat tolerance, disease resistance and increased longevity.

The F1 female has bred-in environment adaptivity, increased milk production, higher fertility, and longevity.

The F1 female is highly regarded by commercial cattlemen as a maternal machine with few peers. She has bred-in environment adaptivity, increased milk production, higher fertility and the heat and disease resistance of her Brahman parent. She will wean a calf with more weight per day of age than her straight-bred contemporaries . And she will live longer, producing more pounds of calf over her lifetime than others.

In the feedlot, Brahman hybrid steers make rapid, efficient gains and produce high cutting carcasses that are free of excess fat, which today's packer and health-conscious consumer demand.

The use of Brahman bulls with European or English breed cows is one of the most popular crossbreeding practices in the United States, with the resulting F1 calf in high demand by cattlemen for replacement females or feeders in the feedlot. It stands to reason that the full benefit of hybrid vigor is also gained by using bulls of European or English breeding with Brahman cows.

It is very popular, particularly in southern parts of the United States, to use Brahman bulls to service cows in dairy operations. The resulting Brahman F1 female will make an excellent commercial beef cow.


Breed Group Means For Production and Maternal Performance of Crossbred Cows

Breed Groups






200-Day Wt, lbs
Per Calf

200-Day Wt, lbs
Per Cow

Current Hereford/Angus Cross 1,685 91 84 87 86 475 401
Shorthorn 183 93 87 90 94 529 460
Brangus 238 90 86 86 87 495 425
Santa Gertrudis 170 90 82 94 84 504 413
Brahman 519 94 86 99 83 539 463
Simmental 872 89 83 83 91 521 433
Maine-Anjou 468 94 86 89 96 522 449
Limousin 851 89 82 88 88 484 397
Current Charolais 264 89 80 91 91 507 404


The Area-13 Brahman Association

Rt. 3 Box 694 Broken Arrow, OK 74014

Phone: (918) 357-2432

 Fax: (918) 676-5217