Environmental Adaptability  
Brahmans have dark skin pigmentation, which filters the intense rays of the sun as well as keeps the breed free of cancer eye.

Other environmental adaptations which make the Brahman breed so well suited to so many areas of the country include the ability to utilize lower-quality feed, to travel longer distances for feed and water, and to resist insects and external parasites while withstanding vast climactic differences. They also have the ability to reproduce on a regular basis in a stressful environment.

Brahman cattle show no effect from extremely high temperatures.

 
Brahman A factor which contributes to the Brahman's unique ability to withstand temperature extremes is a short, thick, glossy hair coat which reflects much of the sun's rays, allowing them to graze in midday sun without suffering. In severe winters, Brahmans grow a protective covering of long, coarse hair beneath which a dense, downy, fur-like undercoat can be found. A Univeristy of Missouri study found that BRAHMAN and European cattle thrive equally well at temperatures between 8 degrees F and 70 degrees F. Above 70 degrees F European cattle decline in appetite and milk production. Brahman cattle show little effect of temperatures up to and beyond 105 degrees F.

An abundance of loose skin, characteristic of the breed, also aids in its ability to withstand warm weather by increasing the body surface area exposed to cooling. In cold weather the skin is contracted, increasing the thickness of the hide and density of the hair, which aids in retaining body heat.


A special feature of the Brahman breed is their ability over other breeds to sweat freely, which contributes greatly to their heat tolerance.


Convenience Traits

Not only can the breed withstand temperature extremes, they also have special immunities and characteristics which make them resistant to many diseases and insects.

Recognized for their intelligence, Brahmans are very responsive to kindness and are quite gentle when handled properly. Pinkeye, a costly eye disease caused by one or more infectious organisms, is rarely, if ever, a problem among Brahman cattle. They are also highly resistant to Anaplasmosis in part due to their resistance to insects.

Their short, thick hair coat and skin texture prevents penetration by many insects and blood sucking pests. In addition, Brahmans and Brahman crosses have a well developed subcutaneous muscle layer which enables them to dislodge many insects by shaking their skin. They also secrete sebum, an oily substance, from their skin, which is effective in repelling insects.

 

A trait usually overlooked by many, but extremely important in terms of productive efficiency, is longevity. The Brahman is unequalled in length of productive life, generally producing up to 50 percent longer than European and British breeds.

 

While many cattlemen generally replace females of other breeds at ten years of age, it is not unusual to find terms of productive Brahman and Brahman cross females leading very productive lives at 15 years and older. As a whole, they retain their teeth much longer than other breeds.

The service life of a Brahman bull is generally much longer than bulls of other beef breeds. A trait usually overlooked by many, but extremely important in terms of productive efficiency, is longevity.

Of great importance to the economics of raising Brahman and Brahman cross cattle is their ability to reproduce under extremely high temperatures, when the reproductive efficiency of other breeds fail.

 

Brahman and Brahman cross cows are also recognized as excellent mother cows. They produce large supplies of milk, even in hot, humid environments and they have very good mothering instincts, staying with their calves and protecting them from predators.

Brahmans are also known for their freedom of movement and ability to travel even in rough terrain, possessing unparallelled structural soundness.

 

Their ability to travel is an important factor when considering the Brahmans' unexcelled capability to thrive under adverse conditions, because of their hardiness, thriftiness and rustling proficiency. They surpass all other breeds under conditions of poor range and drought 

 

 


The Area-13 Brahman Association

Rt. 3 Box 694 Broken Arrow, OK 74014

Phone: (918) 357-2432

 Fax: (918) 676-5217

 E-mail: brahman@ionet.net